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dkenned1 11-06-2011 11:55 AM

Need help identifying SNPs and allele frequencies
Hi everyone,

Long-time reader, first-time poster looking for advice.

I have 100 bp, SE Illumina data (~500x coverage) and a short (~150 kb) reference genome. My difficulties stem from the fact that my DNA isn't from a single individual. Instead, it is a pool of an unknown number (but we're talking lots) of individuals. My goal is to identify SNPs, and accurately quantify allele frequencies at these sites.

Currently, I'm mapping my reads back to the reference genome using 'bowtie.' But mapping back to a reference is almost certainly biasing my allele frequencies in favor of the reference genome. Does anyone have a suggestion for alternative methods that eliminate or correct for this bias? I've considered de novo assembly (i.e. velvet) but I've been told that pooled DNA causes velvet problems.

I also have strong evidence of reads mis-mapping in some regions. I tried throwing out reads that map to multiple regions, but that didn't seem to solve the problem. Is there a technique for identifying mis-mapped reads, or to post-hoc identify problematic regions?

Thanks for any thoughts/suggestions you may have,

adaptivegenome 11-06-2011 12:17 PM

It looks like you have two issues here. One is genotyping SNPs in a pooled DNA samples. There are lots of threads on seqanswers you can look at but here is one in particular:

The second issue regarding mapping is more complex. Without really knowing anything about your project or your data I would at least suggest you try a couple different alignment tools to see if the problem is aligner-independent. For example BWA and STAMPY both are well regarded for accurately mapping reads.

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