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Old 03-01-2010, 03:40 PM   #1
Location: Vancouver, Canada

Join Date: Nov 2008
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Default New Paper: High Quality SNP Calling Using Illumina Data at Shallow Coverage

High Quality SNP Calling Using Illumina Data at Shallow Coverage

Nawar Malhis and Steven JM Jones

Genome Sciences Centre, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Motivation: Detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has been a major application in processing second generation sequencing (SGS) data. In principle, SNPs are called on single base differences between a reference genome and a sequence generated from SGS short reads of a sample genome. However, this exercise is far from trivial; several parameters related to sequencing quality, and/or reference genome properties, play essential effect on the accuracy of called SNPs especially at shallow coverage data. In this work, we present Slider II, an alignment and SNP calling approach that demonstrates improved algorithmic approaches enabling larger number of called SNPs with lower false positive rate. In addition to the regular alignment and SNP calling, as an optional feature, Slider II is capable of utilizing information about known SNPs of a target genome, as priors, in the alignment and SNPs calling to enhance it's capability of detecting these known SNPs and novel SNPs and mutations in their vicinity.

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