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Old 11-12-2010, 03:00 AM   #1
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Default PubMed: Sequential DNA methylation changes are associated with DNMT3B overexpression

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Sequential DNA methylation changes are associated with DNMT3B overexpression in colorectal neoplastic progression.

Gut. 2010 Nov 10;

Authors: Ibrahim AE, Arends MJ, Silva AL, Wyllie AH, Greger L, Ito Y, Vowler SL, Huang TH, Tavaré S, Murrell A, Brenton JD

Background and aims Although aberrant methylation of key genes in the progression of colorectal neoplasia has been reported, no model-based analysis of the incremental changes through the intermediate adenoma stage has been described. In addition, the biological drivers for these methylation changes have yet to be defined. Linear mixed-effects modelling was used in this study to understand the onset and patterns of the methylation changes of SFRP2, IGF2 DMR0, H19, LINE-1 and a CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) marker panel, and they were correlated with DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) levels of expression in a sample set representative of colorectal neoplastic progression. Methods Methylation of the above CpG islands was measured using quantitative pyrosequencing assays in 261 tissue samples. This included a prospective collection of 44 colectomy specimens with concurrent normal mucosa, adenoma and invasive cancer tissues. Tissue microarrays from a subset of 64 cases were used for immunohistochemical analysis of DNMT3B expression. Results It is shown that the onset and pattern of methylation changes during colorectal neoplastic progression are locus dependent. The CIMP marker RUNX3 was the earliest CpG island showing significant change, followed by the CIMP markers NEUROG1 and CACNA1G at the hyperplastic polyp stage. SFRP2 and IGF2 DMR0 showed significant methylation changes at the adenomatous polyp stage, followed by the CIMP markers CDKN2A and hMLH1 at the adenocarcinoma stage. DNMT3B levels of immunohistochemical expression increased significantly (p
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