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Old 02-21-2016, 05:04 PM   #1
Studentlost
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Location: Sacramento

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Default STAR Alignment parameters for varying complexity in library

I'm working with TruSeq data for the mouse genome, with one of the groups having a low complexity library, and the other two having a high complexity library. The reads are single end, 50 bp.

What would be the best parameters to set in order to handle the duplicates in the low complexity samples, and help normalize the alignments for downstream analysis?

Should I pay any attention to parameters involved intron sizes and gaps? How should I set the multimapping and mismatch parameters? Also, should I reduce the value for seedSearchStartLMax? If the reads are fragmented into smaller sizes, it will increase the amount of multi mapped reads, which I don't necessarily want? Any benefit to that? What's a good value for this?

Also, would splicing or isoform detection be worth pursuing with reads this short and the fact that one group has a low complexity library?

I'm using Gencode's M8 build with the primary assembly and primary annotations.

Any suggestions and help would be really appreciated! Thank you!
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Old 02-24-2016, 12:12 PM   #2
alexdobin
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Studentlost View Post
I'm working with TruSeq data for the mouse genome, with one of the groups having a low complexity library, and the other two having a high complexity library. The reads are single end, 50 bp.

What would be the best parameters to set in order to handle the duplicates in the low complexity samples, and help normalize the alignments for downstream analysis?

Should I pay any attention to parameters involved intron sizes and gaps? How should I set the multimapping and mismatch parameters? Also, should I reduce the value for seedSearchStartLMax? If the reads are fragmented into smaller sizes, it will increase the amount of multi mapped reads, which I don't necessarily want? Any benefit to that? What's a good value for this?

Also, would splicing or isoform detection be worth pursuing with reads this short and the fact that one group has a low complexity library?

I'm using Gencode's M8 build with the primary assembly and primary annotations.

Any suggestions and help would be really appreciated! Thank you!
Hi @Studentlost,

I do not think you should tweak mapping parameters for low complexity libraries. The presence of duplicates does not affect mapping since each read is mapped independently. --seedSearchStartLmax affects sensitivity of the search, but it will do it in the same for low or high complexity libraries. I would reduce it to ~30 for 50b reads.

Quantification of genes/transcripts will, of course, be a problem for low complexity libraries.

Cheers
Alex
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