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Old 11-08-2011, 02:45 AM   #1
gavin.oliver
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Default SNP/Indel analysis and homopolymer errors

Hi,

I am wondering what the general consensus is on SNP/Indel detection from resequencing data generated by homopolymer error-prone platforms like 454 and Ion torrent?

Off the top of my head I theorize that SNP detection should generally not be a problem but analysis of Indels would be. Am I correct in this assumption?

Are there any general anlysis approaches that attempt to compensate for these problems?

Thanks in advance.
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Old 11-08-2011, 03:30 AM   #2
nickloman
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Hi Gavin, generally speaking that's true assuming sufficient depth of coverage. Your aligner needs to be produce high quality gapped alignments when dealing with Ion Torrent or 454 data, which is why people tend to use aligners like TMAP, Newbler gsMapper, Novoalign, SSAHA2 or BWA-SW for these datasets.

This is a good treatment from EdgeBio of this specific problem comparing Ion Torrent and Illumina variant calling: http://www.edgebio.com/blog/?p=442

Generally speaking you can filter your SNPs by increasing thresholds on metrics such as variant frequency and proximity to homopolymers to gain a "trusted" set of variants. This means you are trading sensitivity for specificity.
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Old 11-09-2011, 12:52 AM   #3
gavin.oliver
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Thanks a lot for the input Nick - it's a great help.
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Old 11-10-2011, 07:57 AM   #4
gavin.oliver
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Nick, can I just follow this up?

Between MiSeq and Ion Torrent - which do you see having the greater clinical application (generally)?

Also, more specifically are the homopolymers likely to be an issue in such applications?

Cheers in advance.
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