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Old 08-18-2012, 05:54 AM   #1
pjuneja
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Default Basic Nextera question

This may be a silly question, but I've been struggling to find the answer. I'll be using the Nextera dual indexing kit to prepare a single sample for genome sequencing. We're intending to sequence this sample without pooling it with anything else. The Illumina protocol for a 1-plex design like I've described says that I can use any single I7 adapter and any single i5 adapter. When I'm multiplexing samples, I need to worry about base diversity in my indices. Why is this not a concern when I'm not multiplexing??
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Old 08-18-2012, 08:00 AM   #2
ECO
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There are two issues for diversity...for the index reads (when multiplexing), and the diversity of the standard reads over the entire population of molecules being sequenced.

If you are multiplexing, you need to ensure the component indicies in the run satisfy several characteristics (having a large edit distane between them, being in both detection cameras, etc), to ensure robust detection of clusters and unambiguous assignment of reads to samples.

Without multiplexing, you don't care about the index read because you're not going to do one. However the generic diversity requirement is still important format of the same reasons; if the library was all one amplicon, for example, every cluster would be illuminated at the exact same base in every cycle and the cluster detection software will be very unhappy (and likely unable to focus and/or detect clusters). People typically spike in some amount of phiX library or other diverse sample.

Good luck.
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Old 08-18-2012, 11:39 PM   #3
pjuneja
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ECO View Post
Without multiplexing, you don't care about the index read because you're not going to do one.
I was confused because I thought that at least one index was read as part of Read 1 or Read 2. From looking over the FAQ on the Illumina website, I can see that this is not the case and like you said, we have the option of not reading the indices. Thanks!
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